Fundamentals of Geology

Introduction ;The science of geology, scope, its various branches, method of
study, application of geology in mineral resource,
infrastructure developments, disaster mitigation.
Minerals ;Definition, processes of formation, and classification of
minerals
Rocks ;Classification of rock, rock cycle
Earth’s interior ;Probing e Earth’s interior, internal structure of the Earth,
Earth’s major internal boundaries, the crust, mantle and core,
lithosphere and asthenosphere, pressure, temperature and
seismic wave velocities inside the earth.
Earthquake ;Earthquakes and faults; elastic rebound theory, seismic waves;
seismograph, magnitude and intensity of earthquakes, world
distribution of earthquakes, forecast and prediction of
earthquakes
Introduction to Plate tectonics ;Continental margins, ocean basin floor, mid ocean ridge,
Ocean trenches; earlier theories on geosynclines and
continental drift; global plate systems, seafloor spreading and
subduction zones; theories on coral reef development
Isostasy Gravity and continental crust ;Geological structures Primary structures: Bedding, cross-laminations, ripple marks.
Secondary structures: Faults, Folds, Foliation, Joints
Weathering and mass wasting
Earth’s external processes, weathering, soil

Crystallography and Mineralogy

Introduction to
crystallography

Internal order in
crystals

Morphology of crystals
and Crystal systems
and classes

Crystal growth and
twining

Introduction to
mineralogy and
physical properties of
minerals

Crystal chemistry of
minerals

Chemical properties of
minerals

Mineral Genesis &
Mineral classification

Structural Geology

Geological map and
cross-section

Stereographic
projection

Stress and strain

Unconformity

Intrusive contacts

Diapirs

Primary structures

folds

Faults

Foliation and
lineation

Concepts of field
geology